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Quad City Herald
Brewster, Washington
December 23, 1932     Quad City Herald
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December 23, 1932

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MAGAZINE SECTION B REWSTER HERALD BttEWS'I'ER HEltALD Friday, December 23, .1932 No. 32 News Review of Current Events the World Over Prohibition Repeal Fails but "Beer by Christmas" Possible--President Hoover's Farewell Annual Message Deals With Economic Problems. Is By EDWARD CARCELY had the short session of congress opened than Speaker Gar- ner made good on his promise to put prohibition repeal up to the house HIs resolution for such action had been reported adversely by the Judiciary commit- tee, but Ralney of II. llnots, majority lead. er. moved suspension of the rules and con- sideration o f t h e measure. The count for a second found 245 members for It and 121 against. After Rep. Carl G. a squabble over the Bachmann tlme to be allotted for debate each side was given 20 minutes and a vote was taketa. The result was 272 votes for repeal and 144 against IL The speak- er announced that the resolution had failed of adoption by six votes, where- upon tile Republicans cheered and the Democrats sat silent. Representative Carl G. Bachmann of "West V}rglnla, the Republican whlp, had promised Speaker Garner ,that he would deliver 100 Republican votes for the resolution, and he more than made good, with 103. But the speaker could not gather enough from his own side of the house to make Up the necessary two-thirds majority. Lined up with the opposition were 82 lame ducks, of whom 11 were Demo- crats and 71 Republicans. As these men will not serve In tim next con- gress they voted as they wished, re- gardless of the sentiment of the na- tion as expressed in the November election. Thirteen members of the house did not vote, some being ab. cent. Having lost in this attempt to ear- ry out one eampai'gn pledge, the Dem- ocratic leaders t once started In to redeem another pledge---the legaliza- tion of beer. They set up tile slogan "Beer by Christmas" and the ways and means committee began hearings on various bills for this. Most Im- portant of these, because tt will be the basis of the legislation finally consid- ered, 'as the measure Introduced by }'ames W. Collier of Mississippi, chair- man of the committee. It culls for modification of the Volstead act to permit beer of 2.75 per cent alcoholic content by weight, or slightly less than 3.5 per cent by volume, and "non- intoxicating" wines. As drawn the Collier bill would tax beer $5 a barrel and wine 20 cents a gallon, or approximately 2 cents a pint bottle of beer and 5 cents a quart of wine. Brewers would be required to obtain permits, no permit to be Issued for manufacture where the state laws prohibited it. Mr. Collier expects the revenue to total $300,000,. 000 annually. Failure of the repeal resolution, ac- cording to general opinion, means that the eighteenth amendment can- not be repealed by this congress, and that President-Elect Roosevelt will call the new congress Into session soon after his inauguration on March 4. Tile senate might possibly adopt the Glass resolution, which is based on the Repuhllcan platform plank, but Speaker Garner said snappily, after the vote in the house: "No prohihl- tlon -esolutlon will pass the house at this session which does not take pro- hibition out of the Constitution root, trunk, branch and leaves." RESIDENT HOOVER'S last an- nual message on the state of the Union, transmitted to congress on Wednesday, detllt mainly with tile eco- nomle problems pro- duced by the depres-, slon. He advised Ira. mediate governmental action along three lines, namely : 1. Reduction of all government expendi- tures, national, state and local, and adop. tlon of revenue meas. urea, including allies tux, to hisure the us- questioned balancing Presldsnt of the federal bmlget. Hoover 2. Complete reor- ganlzatlon of the banking system through legislation at the present chert session of congress, 3. Vigorous and wholesouled co- operation with other nations In the economic field by agreements in the world economic conference and the disarmament conference and by appro- priate action In connection with the debt nroblem. W. PICKARD rhe President said hls budget, wblch was introduced the following day, would propose expenditures aggregat- ing $830,000.000 less than the $4.$00,. 000,000 so far appropriated for the present fiscal year He promised a beginning within a few days on the reorganizatlon of the administrative branch of the govern- ment, provided for In the economy act of the Ins! session. There was no mention In the mes- sage of prohlbltion reform or farm relief, and the only thing It sald about the war debts was that the debtors' pleas for suspension of the December 15 payments had been rejected but that the Executive would recommend to congress "methods to overcome tem- porary exchange dlfllcultles" In con- nection with such payments. Mr. Hoover prefaced his recom- mendations wlth a survey of the de- presslon. He adduced statistics to show that the corner has been turned at last--in fact. was turned last Au- gust and that business has been ha- proving ever since. This dawning of returning prosperity the President at- tributed to the "measures and poll- cles" inaugurated under his admlnis- tratlon, and said these emergency agencies should be continued only un- til the depression is passed and then liquidated. OR several days the senate was technically In control of tim Demo- crats because Walter Walker of Colo- rado, appointed hy the governor, was temporarily seated. But Karl Schuy- ler, Republican. who defeated Walker In November and wtmse certificate was delayed by an error, was to take his seat soon so tile Democrats made no effort to take advantage of the sit- uation. Seventy-nine senators an- swered the first roll call and lots of them were lame ducks. Besides Walk. er two new meml}ers were sworn in. They were Robert R. Reynolds of North Carolina. Democrat. and E. S. Grammar of Oregon, Republican. GEN KURT VON SCHI.EICHER is, for the time being, the chan. caller of Gernmny, and his ministers with one exception are tile same men w h o served under Franz yon Papen. The new cabinet member Is Dr. Frledrieh Sy- rup, president of the Federal Labor Ex- change, who has been appointed minister of labor. When the reichstag session opened the new chancellor attend- ed armed with the Gem Von power to dissolve it 8ohlelcher If his foes were too recalcitrant. The com. munists promptly offered their mo- tion for a vote of nonconfidence, but action on this was postponed by the strong vote of the Nazis. This was taken by some to mean that Von Schlelcher and Hitler might form an alliance, but the real purpose of the Nazis was to gain time for the pas- sage of their bill providing for a tem- porary successor to the presidency. Fearing President Paul yon Hlnden- burg's health might compel hha to re- sign. the Nazis were seeking t make It Impossible for the chancellor to take hls office and possibly appoint a regent to prepare for a monarchy. OMMUNISTS who led some ,three thousand "hunger marchers" to Washington to demand a federal dole for the Idle didn't accomplish much. For three days they were encamped in the outskirts, strictly guarded by hundreds of police armed with riot guns and tear gas bmnbs. Delega. tlons were received by Vice Prcshlent Curtis and Speaker Garner who said their petitions would be conshlered. They were permitted to parade, /)tit tim procession was stopped at the verge of the White House grounds by strong cordons of policemen and fire- men. Then the tired marchers re- turned to their camp anti prepared to leave the Capital for their homes. Their leaders were William Reynohls and Raymond Benjamin. both ('mmnn. nlsts. RANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT w,mnd up his two weeks vacation at Warm Springs, Ga., and returned to New York well rested and Invigorated. He has plenty to occupy his attention In his home state, for the special session o[ the Iglslature opened Friday with an important program. ARMERS to the number of two or three hundred gathered in Washing- ton to urge congress to adopt some legislation for their relief, and they had assurances that their demands would receive consideration. Indeed, the prospect of leglslatlve action for their benefit is excellent. At present attention IS centered on President- Elect Roosevelt's pet plan of domestic allotments, and Chairman Jones of the house agriculture committee said he had nearly completed a bill embodying t that Idea. "But I will not Introduce It until after conferring In detail with leaders of the organized farm groups," Jones said, referring principally to Edward A. O'Neal, president of the Farm Bureau Federation, and L. J. Taher, master of the National Grange, both of whom have volced approval of the domestic allotment plan, and to John A. Simpson, tread of the Farmers' National Union. Chalrman McNary of the senate ag- riculture eommlttee was promoting a three.way measure designed to give the farm board the opthmal right to employ the equalization fee, export debenture or,allotment plan in order to increase the prices of farm products. TRUGGLING bravely to prevent the utter failure of tle disarmament conference in Geneva, Norman l=1. Davis sougit support for the latest American plan In the five.power preliminary parley. This scheme calls for limited dis- armament now with the al)l)ointment of a permanent cmnmis- slon which wouh be charged with working out equality In arma. ments for Germany tnd security for France over an Inter- Baron val of several years. Von Neurath It was rather to the liking of Great Brit- ain, but Germany did not seem in- cllned to accept it, and France was still Insistent on security first. In Berlin political leaders said their country never could agree to the plan, which they said was "a plot agalnsl effective disarmament, and merely postpones any decision for three years without any gnarantee that a solution of the problem can then be found." German Foreign Minister Von Neu- rath, reappointed in the Von Schleicher cabinet, was present in Geneva and took part In the five=power confer- ence, and Mr. Davis was still hopeful that he could be brought into line if the French were not too stubborn. HEN the special assembly of the League of Nations met in Geneva to take up the ,Manchuria question the headline wrlters said that Japan was being put on trial. This was true, but it was no less true that the league itself was on trial, and that body was warned that its very exist. ence might depend on the wisdom of its decision. Such warning came esPe- cially from eight small powers which Insist on the acceptance of the first eight chapters of the Lytton report, the condemnation of Japan and the nonrecognltion of Manchukuo. Their spokesman was Joseph Connolly of the Irish Free State, and he did not mince words. ROF. ALBERT EINSTEIN, the world's leading mathematician, had a new experience the other day, and he didn't like it. Planning to come to the United States for further work at Wil- son observatory in California, after which he is to be- come head of the school of mathemat- ics in the new Insti- tute of Advanced Study, he was sum- moned before the American consul In Berlin and subjected to a passport exami- rof. EInstsln nation as to his men- tal,'moral and political fitness to en- ter our fair land. The professor ob- Jected excitedly and refused to an- swer some of the questions but the consul decided he had passed the ex- amlnntlon and was admissible. The whole rather rldlculous affair was caused by the fact that objection to the savant's admission had been filed In Washington by the Woman's Pa- triot corporation--whatever that may he. The complaint asserted that Pro- fessor Einstein should be barred "be- cause of hlFafltllatlon with certain or- ganlzatlo.ns claimed to be connected with the Communist International." ltIME MINISTER MACDONALD and Premier Herrlot met In Paris and agreed that Great Britain and France would pay the war debt installments due tlm United States on December 15, but would give warning that this would be the last payment until Amerlea con- sents to a sweeping revlslon of the deht agreements. Both these powers, it is understood, xlsh to end the mat- ter by paying a comparatively small lump sum in final settlement. , 19.q|, Wostorn NewaIaPor Unio n` WASHINGTON NEWS ITEMS OF INTEREST Brief Resume of Happenings of the Week Collected for Our Readers, THE MARKETS Portland Wheat- Big Bend bluestem, hard wheat, 53e; soft white and western white, 43c; hard winter, northern spring and western red, 41c. Hay.--Buying prices, f. o. b. Port land; Alfalfa, Yaklma, $12.00. Butterfat--24@25c. Eggs--Ranch, 25@26e. Cattle--Steers, good, $5.25@5.75. Hogs---Good to choice, $3.25@4. Lambs--Good to choice, $4.75@5. Seattle Wheat -- Soft white and western white, 43c; hard winter, western red and northern spring, 44c; bluestem, 53c. Butterfat--26c. Eggs--Ranch, 28c. Hogs--Good to choice, $3.35@3.75. CattleCholce steers, $4.25@4.75. Sheep--Spring lambs, $4.35@4.60. Spokane CattleSteers, good, $4.25@4.75. He,w--Good to choice, $3.50@360. Lambs--Medium to good, $4@4.50, The Columbia River Milling com. pony at Wilbur suspended operation for two weeks for repairs. Harry Gaskill, 45, of Kelso, was in- Jured fatally when he was thrown from the bakery truck in which he was riding with Donald Barrett. The December run of smelt is in the CowHtz, but' flow ice is preventing fishermen from taldng the fish. The main run of smelt is not expectecl un- til February. The largest hop acreage the Yakima valley has ever known is predicted by growers for next year. Many fruit ranchers are pulling up their trees and llanting hops. Asparagus growers in the Sunnyslde district have indorsed a proposal to control market shipments next year in order to stabilize the price and keep it above the cost of production. Older Indians of the Yakima reser- vation are mourning the adoption of white men's ways by their younger l)eople, which brought the second In. dian suicide in the history of thee val- ley last week. The Reconstruction Finance corpora- tion has approved a $1,700,000 loan to the city of Seattle for its light depart- i ment, but has rejected a $1,000,000 loan to extend the distribution system outside the city. Ad annual reduction of $2.50 an acre In the assessment of the Wenatchee reclamation district has been promised by the directors if the $192,000 re- funding bond issue is authorized at the special election. The Walla Walla county commis- sioners have formally approved the offer of the Northern Pacific railway to pay the county $57,662 in cash and wave a tax refund Judgment against the county for $19,215. Yakima County Grange %ouncil members was asked recently to in- dorse resolutions asking legislatiou cancelling penalties on delinquent taxes and a moratorium on mortgage foreclosures for three years. A fine violin, made in 1760 and valued at $1500, was reported stolen from a University of Washington stu- dent at Seattle while she visited a friend's home. Miss lKlemptner said she left the violin in her car. The sentiment of Wenatchee school authorities is that 50 per cent of the school revenues should be supplied by the state and that the money should be raised by means other than taxes on real and personal property. Each vote cast tn the November general election cost Pierce county 16 cents. This was disclosed when the county election board reported to the commissioners that the $8445 appro- priation for the election lacked $2441 of paying the bill. Ralph Jackson, of Walla Walla, went hunting with a mechanic and a gunsmith recently. His car stalled-- the mechantc fixed it. His gun Jam- edthe gunsmith fixed it. On the way out, he noticed that most duck ponds were frozen over. When he got to his pond, ,the ducks were swarming down on it. A warm spring kept it from freezing. Ralph anti party cam home smiling with 23 ducks. Mayor Simon Dreifus of Colfax has declared a two months' legal holiday for. Colfax to "fight the depression." The holiday was declared primarily because of the low price of wheat and other agricultural commodities. William Ltddle, signal maintenance man for the Northern Pacific railway, suffered burns about his face when a celluloid eyeshade caught fire from a match with which he was lighting a cigarette. His home is at Castle Rock. John W. Holland, 71, was burned to death when fire damaged his home at Centralia recently. He was believed to have been asleep and tried to reach the door when awakened by the flames. All the clothes were burned off except the uhcres. Three superior court Jurors report. ed for duty in court on time despite the fact they had suffered an unex- pected cold plunge into the slough near Montesano when a car driven by Mrs. May Schley of Hoquiam skid. ded and went into the swamp. G. W. Hamilton of Presser, attorney general-elect' has offered the position of assistant to J. H. Secrest' city at- torney of Longview. R. G. Sharpe, who was defeated for the Republican nomination for attorney general, nay also be given a place on the staff. The Yakima county commissioners are faced with the necessity of pro- viding further emergency relief appro- priations to care for local unemployed, The $5000 given the citizens' relief committee has been spent for food in return for work on ciylc projects. To determine the merits of a claim of relatives of Ehner B. Pickett of Yakima, who died in July, that his death was caused by a blow on the head, state officials have disinterred the body and performed a post mot- tern. This showed that death was due to. cerebral hemorrhage. A warehouse, eookhouse and bunk- house at camp 12 of the English Log- ging company, southeast of Mount Vernon were destroyed by fire recent- ly. Thirty men in the camp, which accommodates 200, formed a bucket brigade at a near-b.y creek and saved other buildings in camp. The state banking department has been advised that so-called "banking holidays" declared by municipal authorities have no legal standing and can be effective only through mutual agreement of all concerned, E. S. Moody, supervisor of banking, advised bankers at Spokane recently. Cashmere is battling one of its .worst "flu" epidemics since the war. Dr. E. Hayden, city health officers, reported 165 children out of school last week because of it, while scores of merchants and other townspeople are confined to their homes. No dangerous cases have been reported so far. To keep the schools of Wenatchee open nine months a committee of 12 business men has been appointed to find the money. Among plans under consideration are voluntary contribu- tlons from parents, making school war- rants negotiable, and setting up ma- chinery to collect delinquent taxes. Drugless healers, including sanl- practors, cannot practice surgery In Washington unless specifically author- ized by a proper license, according to, a decision of the state supreme court The court affirmed a Judgment against" a Seattle santpractor practicing medi- cine and surgery without a license. This season's 10,000th carload of apples rolled eastward last week and daily shipments from the Wenatches district will continue at the rate of 80 carloads a day. Apple exports this year have been 9,000,000 boxes more than iu 1931, the Wenatchee Valley Traffic association bulletin showed. Assailing Yaklma county's method of distributing, groceries to needy fam- ilies through commissaries, 105 city and valley retail grocers filed peti. tlons of protest with the county com- missioners, asking that they be al- lowed to provide the food at whole. sale cost, plus a 10 per cent handling charge. The Ward-Sargent Timber com- pany's holdings on South bay and Willapa harbor have been purchased from the receiver by George Miller, veteran southwest Washington logging operator. Mr. Miller announced he would start logging soon, employing between 25 and 30 men. The purchase included seven miles of railroad. Ninety.eight children narrowly es. caped being trapped by flames shm't. ly before noon, one day last week, when fire destroyed the four-room schoolhouse in the Liberty district, near Granger. The blaze caused a loss of $20,000. Less than five minutes after the classrooms were cleared the Upler part of the structure caved in. FRANCE DEFAULTS ON THE WAR DEBT Great Britain Pays With a Mental Reservation. Washlngton.--When pay day came for the European nations In debt to the Un|ted States, live of them paid the installments due, and five de- faulted. Chief of the latter group was France, whose chamber of deputies voted to "defer" payment of $19,261,- 432 l)endlng acceptance by America of the prlnclple of holding another debt conference. Belgium, Poland, Es- tonia and Hungary also failed to pay. Great Brltaln, after .trying in vain to eommlt the United States to a re- vision of the debt settlements, paid $95,550,000 due on principal and inter- est, with the "mental reservation" that It was to be treated' as a "capital payment of whlch account should be taken in any final settlement." Italy, Latvia, Lithuania and Czechoslovakia also paid the amounts due. The Brit- ish payment was made In gold through a series of transfers between the Bank of England and the Federal Re- serve bank of New York, and later the gold, amounting to 200 tons in bars, is to be shipped from London to New fork. France's action, which caused the downfall of the Herrlot ministry0 aroused deep resentment here and congressmen made various sugges- tions of retaliatory measures, includ- Ing trade and tourist boycotts. Many of them were of the opinh)n that measures would be adopted to prohib- it loans by Amerlcans to the govern- ments or nationals of countries that had defaulted, and one bill to that ef- fect was introduced promptly by Rep- resentative Harold Knutson of Mlnne- i sots. Dispatches from Paris said that as a direct consequence of the repudia- tion vote In the el,amber and the over. throw of the Elerrlot governmeht the country was facing one of the worst Internal crises it has ver experienced. The budget for 1933 was stalled for more than a month, the treasury near the low water mark and a world-wide offensive against the franc was going on. In political quarters the frequent prediction was heard that within less than three months the mess would be so bad there would be no way out but to constitute a government with dic- tatorial powers to govern by decree. The French were angry with Great Brltain for not standing firm with them against payment to the United States, but Chancellor ot the Ex- chequer Neville Chamberlain during debate in the house of commons said : "We have never been bound to a united front with France. We have made it clear from the very beginning that, whlle we ought and must as sig- natories to tim Lausanne agreement communicate with one another from time to time information as to what we are doing, we would not attempt to make any Joint representations to the United States and each one of us must hold ourselves absolutely free to make what arrangement we thought deslrable and feasible with the Unlted States government." Rum Boat Is Seized; Skipper Found Dead "Nor'folk, Va.--Her sides riddled with shell fire and machine gun bul- let., and her skipper, William Bauers, dead, the llqtlor laden speedboat Ma- iltdt Bar.r?of Philadelphia was towed into port by the coast guard patrol boat CG-163. Coast guardsmen said timt Bauers, when capture appeared certain, at- tempted to escape In a small dory which was overturned In the high seas. He was pulled aboard the pa- trol boat, but efforts to revive him failed. Virginia Dry Enforcer Murdered by Five Men Stuart, Va.R. D. Shepherd, twen- ty-three, county prohibition officer, was shot and killed and Joe M. Frances, thirty, another officer, was wounded In an attempt to capture five men flee- Ing with an automobile seized a few days ago while transporting liquor. i Shepherd was In the act of arresting i the men when be was slmt In the back. Frunces received a bullet In the chest. Two men are held In connection with the killing. Nagged About His Bridge Game, He Obtains Divorce Kansas CRy, Mo,--Judge Brown Harris In Circuit court granted a de- fault divorce to S. George Kelly from Mrs. Mildred Kelly, now living In Los Angeles. Kelly testified his wife nagged him and subjected him to "In- tense humlllatlon over trivial matters In a bridge game. He said that on one occasion when he had been set at the home of friends she kicked over the bridge table, called him "ntterly brain- less," and went home In a huff.