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December 16, 1932     Quad City Herald
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December 16, 1932
 

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MAGAZINE SECTION BREWSTER HERALD Vol. 32 BllEWS'IrEII HEllALI) Friday, December 16, 1932 No. 3l I -. I , NI II I I III ,t News Review of Current Events the World Over More Squirming to Avoid Payment of War Debts America--Repeal and Beer Worry Members of Congress Assembling for Session. By EDWARD REAT BRITAIN was still hopeful that the United States would not insist that tile $95,550,000 war debt principal and Interest, due December 15, must be paid. She lied the money neces- sary, and would pay if hcre was no way out of it, but kept on trying to find a way. Tbe cabinet approved the terms of a new note to Washington and even Klng George took a hllnd and helped decide what was best to be done. Neville The king had a long Chamberlain interview with Neville Chamberlain, chancel- lor of the exchequer, who laid before him the proposal of the treasury which is dominated by Montagu Nor- man, head of the Bank of England. This presumably was that Britain should refuse to pay now or, at least. should pay into a bhlcked account. not transferring any money to Amer- l.ca at this time. Opposed to this clew was that. of the foreign office, upheld by Prime Minister MacDonald, that payment should be made promptly If the new request for postponement were re- fused, and that tim entire matter of lnternatlcnal debts be taken up with the Roosevelt admlniutratlon when it comes into power. It was Indicated that the foreign office had won out in the controversy. France, the most determined of the opponents of payment, was passing the buck to England, Premier Her- riot's government seeking to hold off decision and even parliamentary dis- cussion until th e British course was announced. Many of the deputies, however, were rebellious and sought to force the government to a show- down. IRECTLY connected wlth the war del)t affair was the fall of the ponnd sterling, long the unit of in- ternational finance, to unprecedented- ly low prices. By the middle of t|le week the European gold standard ex- changes also weakened conshlerably, and at the same time the Japanese yen and Chinese currencies broke badly. From London came reports that there had developed a sudden scarcity of available dollars In the world mar- kets that Britain may purchase to pay the United States. The evidence was that American currency had been bought up in France and elsewhere by exchange brokers as part of a scheme to depress the pound for the benefit of bears on sterling. EER would seem to be occupying too prominent a place in the American public mind, were It not for the national Income and employment reltef features In. volved In the restora- tion of the beverage to a legalized status. Early In the ' week Speaker Garner de- vised a plan to put the hesitant legisla- tors on the spot. 'rile drys and seml-drys had been asserting that a measure legal- izing beer and possi- bly light wines should Speaker not be pressed to pea. Garner sage unti] a resolutlon for repeal of the Eighteenth amend- ment had been put through. So Mr. Garner drew up SUCh a resoluthm and announced that he would Insist on Its being put to a vote In the house on Monday, the first day of the short session. It was a resolution for flat repeal, with no mention of pro- tection for the dry states. Many congressmen, both Democrats and Republicans, called on the speak- er with protests and pleas for delay, and Mr. Garner began to weaken, say. lag that If he found there was con- siderable objection to eonslderatlon of his resolution he would Just as soon bark up and say: ,We will walt." Fred Brltten of Chicago and other eminent wets tried to keep the speaker to his determlnatlon. Brltten assuring him that the Republican shle of the house would supply more than 100 votes for the repeal resolutlon. But there was no certainty of more than 180 Denlocratle votes, so it was doubtful whether the necessary two. thlrds majority could be obtained. Later ID the week some ot the.dry members from the South were re- ported to be slldlng over to the re- to W. PICKARD peal side and the prospects of the resolution were considered brighter. EPIIESENTATIVE CARl. VINSON of Georgia, cllah'nuln of the house committee on naval affairs, had a Inns talk with l'reshlent-lClect Roosev.elt at Warm Springs. and calne away with his fornler "big navy" attitude consid- erably changed, lle did not quote Mr. Roosevelt, hut annotmced tllllt he would favor drastic cuts l tile naval build. lag progrlnl and general eqonollllCS. He dechlred at least $100.IN}0,0iX) couh] be pared from the naval budgct and said he was now willing tlnlt the Imild. lng program should be reduced to a point far below the maximum set by the treaty of Lomlon. From wh:lt Mr. Vlnson said it was ap parent tllut Mr. Roosevelt hopes to provide the United States wlth a small but powerfully effective navy. lie thinks, too. that economies can be ef- fected by tim consolidation of sortie bnreaus and a better control of all purchases. ItESI)ENT-ELECT ROOSEVE1.T held a series of conferences on farm relief with farm organization leaders anl legislators, Including Senutm's Rob- inson, Wheeler and Bankhead. and Henry Morgenthau, and the net result seemed to be a probability that noth ing would be done during tile short session except the enactment of some emergency measures such as price fix. Ins and perhaps mortgage refinanchlg Mr. Roosevelt declined to announce his own plan in advance, saying "That would be too ranch like telling con gress what to do." Farm leaders in Washington said they thought Mr. Roosevelt wants to meet the 1933 crop emergency and that they are willing to accept temporary measures sneh as the price-fixing blll that was proposed In the previous ses siGn. ENRY Fetid spent the week In the Detroit hospital tlla! bears his name, recoverhlg from an operation for strangnlated hernia. The opera itch, which included removal of tile appen. dlx, was pr.nnuneed a success, and within three days tile attto m o b I I e manufactur- er's temperature, pulse and respiration were back about to normal. By that time the hospital physi- cians and memhers of the Ford organl- Henry Ford zatlon felt assured that the multl-milllon-' alre's recovery was a matter only of rest and qulet. Members of hls Ira. medlate family, who visited him daily, were no longer anxious about his con- dition. By the time this Is read he may have been permitted to leave the hospital for his home. EATH took another congressman, this tlme the victim being James (3. McLaughlln, Repul]llcan represent- ative from the Ninth Michigan district and dean of that state's delegation. Stricken with heart disease wltlle on a tour of Virginia, he died at Marion. Mr. Mcl,aughlln. Who was a member of the ways and means committee, was defeated in the recent elections by Harry W, Musselwhite, Democrat. His death makes the party lineup in the house at the "lame duck" session 208 Republicans, 2'20 Denlocrats, one Fp, rmer-l.abor, and six vacancies. ONAL BUCKLEY, a retired shop. keeper who was a rebel against British ,'ule for years, was appointed by King George to be governor gen- eral of tile irish Free State, on tile advice of President De Yalera, whose close friend be Is. London was rath- er sfiocked by the appointment, many regarding it as a dlsthlct attempt to belittle the king and bring the ntlice of governor general into disreput e. Buckley succeeds James McNelll. RESIDENT MACHADO of Cuba is not afraid of his political foes, who have so often sought his life; and he Is determined to restore Internal peace if possible. He ordered Gen. Alberto Herrera, chief of staff, to re. lease 80 political prisoners, and the following day he directed that 66 oth. er opposltlonlsts be let out of the peni tentiary on the Isle of Pines. Mill tary rule was dlscontJmled throughonl the island except in Havana. Machado's enemies said his meg. nanlmity was due to unofiiclat pres. sure from the United States, but lie denied this flatly. HROUGHOUT another week l'l-ea Ideal Paul win Hlndenlmrg sugllt to find a man who could form a new mlnlstr.y for Gernlany. ills best bet of the seven days was Gen. Kurt wm Selllei- oiler, tile minister of defense, who is prob. a bly the strongest man in public life in the reich. The gener- al was willing to un- dertake the task, but needed tim support of the Nazis, and thls w'as denied film by Adolf Hitler who con- Gen. Yon tlnued to ilold tile Schleicher ground that there should be to govern- Inent unless treaded by hilnself, llow- eve]', there was lloI)e that Hitler would yield in later con'ercn(.es. If not. there was a chance that the President might hlstruct Von Schleicller to fm'm a cabinet and dissolve tim reichstag. ()r else, le nllgl]t create a "l)usiness cabinet" under Von ['apen and let It carry on, regardless of puhli(, ophlion. The Nazis said if the g.vcl'nment dissolved tlle reichst;Ig forcibly, this would be considered hy them an IRe- gel act and would evoke a'n "illegal answer." EAMON DE VAI.EIIA, preshlent of the League of Nations council. passed the Lytton commission report on Manchuria on to tile league assem. bly, calling that body to convene In special session on December 6. Tile Jal)anese spa. c I a I representative, Yosuke Matsunka. nmde tile usual reser- vation to this seth,n, in line with the Tokyo contentiou that tile as- selnbly is not com. petent to hamlle tile SIno-Japnnese affair, Including the status Ycauke of Manchuria. Matsaeka The conncll dis- missed tile Lytton comnllSSlOn, but stipulated that it should consider Itself subject to recall to submit wllatever Informatlon tile assembly may require. To this also Matsuoka objected with. out avail. "As you know," he said,. 'we Imve been taking the view that the commission Is no longer In exist: ence." The committee of nineteen of the as: sembly met Thursday to prepare the program for tim special session. Then some of tile great powers will have to nmke clear their attltndes towardtho far eastern sltnatlon and If the Smootlx spoken Matsuoka cannot prevail it may be Japan will withdraw entirely from the league. Certainly she shows no intention of letting go her hold on Manchuria, whatever the rest of the world may do. REMIER HERRIOT of France and Ambassador Dovgalevsky of Rus- sia signed In Paris the new Franco-Rus- slan treaty of nonaggresslon and eon- elllation. It is the first such pact that the Soviet government has completed with any of the great powers. A GRICUI,TURAL depression dld not seem to hurt the Interna- tional Live Stock show in Chicago, for this year the affair was bigger and better than ever. The title of grand champion steer of the world was awarded to a Hereford from Texas. the selection being made as usual by Judge Walter Blggar of Scotland. The animal w.as raised and exhibited by Will Largent of Merkel, Texas, and after Its brief reign It went thro'ugb the customary process of sale by auc- tion, slaughter and consumption by Chicago gourmets. .. Herman Trelle of Wembley, Alberta, Can., won the crown of world wheat king for the third successive year, the JudgeS pronouncing his wheat the finest they had ever seen. The new hay king Is M. V. Glllett of Nebraska. Coincident with the stock show was the congress of 4-H clubs, attended by many hundreds of young agrlcnl. turlsts of both sexes wile competed for the usual fine prizes. _] EARTILY backing up the demand Ji of President William Green. the American Federation of Labor In con. ventlon In Chlchlmltl adopted a resolu. tion calling for tile universal adoption In Indnstry of tile five day week and the six hour day. Stirring tim delegates to waves of aPlllause Mr. Green sahl labor's pa tlence wlth Industrial management was at an end. Labor's paramount policy, he said, henceforth would be to resort to "forceful methods," If necessary, to establish the shorter work week. By those methods he meant use of every weapon in the union amnory--economlc, political, and Industrial. It was Indicated by Mr. Green that the spearhead In the movement for the thirty hoar week would be a de. nland on the federal government thai It set an example by establlshlng thai reform. 191tI. Waltlrll NawlmLnar llnlll An epidemic of influenza has been WASHINGTON NEWS ,.o+ in the vlcintty of ColvlUe the last two weeks. There have been ITEMS OF iNTEREST more thanl00cases. A mother who sought her son for Brie Resume of Happenings of the Week Collected for Our Readers. THE MARKET8 Portlanct Wheat -- Big Bend bluestem, hard heat0 57c; soft white and western white, 42e; her4 wintor, northers spring and western red, 41c. Hay.--Buying prices, t. o. b. Por! land; Alfalfa, Yakima, $12.00. Butterfat--24 @25c. EggsRanch, 24@27c. Cattle--Steers, good, $4.25@5.25. Hogs--Good to choice, 3@3.75. Lambs--Good to choice, $4.75@6. Seattle Wheat- Soft white and western htte, 41c; hard 'inter, western red and northern spring, 42c; bluestela 52c. Butterfat--27c. Eggs--Ranch, 27@23c. I-IogsGood to choice, $3.65375. Cattle--Choice steers, $4.25@5. SheeIP-Spring lambs, $4.25@4.50, Spokane Cattle--Steers, good, $4.25@4.75. :IT.ogs---Good to choice, $3.10@3.25, LambsMedtum to good, $3.75@4.25 I-toquiam's new postoffice in the re. Tently completed federal building, costing $150,000, was opened to tho laublic last woek after months o de. lay. Don Lomsld, brother of Leo Lent. sk!, prizefighter, was killed near Cile- velah when a logging truck on which he ,was riding turned over, crushtn him. Twenty-five men are working alter. ate 30-hour shifts on the Pend Oreille hlgkway project being constructed from Slate creek north to the Cans, dlan boundary. Tile Crown-WlIIamette headquarters aml closed last week for the winter. The camp has been operating about six weeks. The wood mill will con- ttnue to operate. The Carnegie foundation has allot- ted Whitman college $15,000 for the Durchase of new books. This will total $90,000 in contributions from the faun. dation to the college. Throe employes of th Bloedel Don. ovau Lumber mills at Bellinghanh dropped a rope neose over the head of James M. McCrevy, 61, and saved him from drowning. Superior Judge Webster of Spokane county has declined to order forfeiture of a contract for a home until tho legislature has an opportunity to en- act relief legislation. Postal savings deposits increased $89,000 in November bringing the total to approximately $2,900,00 of which more than $2,000,00 has been rede- l)osited in Spokane banks. Shipments of third grade apples, un- wrapped, In lugs, from Yakima to Mon- tana and the Dakotas have increased greatly since freight rates were re- duced on suck packages. The official count of Chelan coun- ty's vote shows that John A. Gellatly carried hls home county by 206 votes. Unofficial returns had indicated that Martin had a majority of nearly 200. Work on the new grade between Touchet and Van Sycle canyon, a nine- mile Job, will start soon with about 80 men being put to work. It is ex- pected that this work will continua all winter. The Farmers' State bank of Palouse announced a 60-day holiday. Tlm de- cision to suspend business for that period is the result of a decision by the board of dlrectors, sanctioned by Myor W. J. Batten. Yakima valley members of the K'ashington Co-operative Egg & Poul- try association will receive divldend checks aggregating $3000 to $,t000, be- fore Christmas. The total dividend amounts fo $244,725. The Spokane county game commis- sion will turn over to tho new state game department one game farm esli- mated to be worth $50,000, a cash balance of about $5000 and 300 pairs of Hungarian partridges. Evidence that the codlin moth, chief I)est in the apple orchards of eastern Washington, may be gradually de- veloping an immunity to present spray material has been presented to the Washington Horticultural asociation by Dr. R. L. Webster of Washington State college. 20 years and finally found him serving a term in the Walla Walla peniten- tiary may be reunited to him if the state parole board grants a parole to Kenneth Lloyd Purcell. R. J. Brett, Seattle auto freight truck driver, was instantly killed on Snoquahnie pass and then burned al- most beyond recognition, when a giant 200-foot fir tree struck the vehicle, smashing the gas tank. A $550,000 public improvement plan for uuemployment relief has been pro- posed to the Spokane city council by Leroy Lambert, commissioner of pub- lic works. The money is to be raised by a bond issue next March. The city council of Colfax Is draft- Ing a resolution to presont to the state legislature asking that the state re- build two bridges in the city to re- lilacs the present bridges, which were not designed for the traffic the state highway has brought. q:he Kittitas County Co-operative Dairy association has ordered tho dis- tribution of $2S,000 in dividends to members. The amount represents a return of about 3 coats a pound on nearly 1,000,000 pounds of milk handled during the year. Helen Jergenson, 16, daughter of Ir. and Mrs. Nels Jergenson, of New- port, was hit by part of a steol wedgo her father was using in cutting wood, tho injury resulting in death. She had been helping her father and was standing a short distance from him. Five carloads of Christmas trees hr.ve been shipped from Winlock to California and other southern states 'and six or seven additional cars will roll out before the season is finished. Approximately 100 men have found temporary employment cutting an4 loading the shipments. Eight high school students living alc ne along the Clearwater and Queets rivers in Jefferson county and attend- ing school at Lake Quinault will hayo 50,400 miles of travel to their credit at the end of their high school course. They travel 70 miles a day by school bus to and from their classes. Plans for tho placing of crushed rock on the Washington end of the Wallula cut-off have been completed and Joselyn & McAllister, Spokane contractors, started setting up a rock crusher four miles west of Wallula. About 20 days will be required to put the plant into full operation. Farmers in the vicinity of Yakima 'ere trying to persuad C. D. Stephens, newly elected county treas- urer, to accept livestock or farm pro- dues in payment of taxes. One wo- man tendered a $75 ring in payment of $50 in taxes. Stephens is forced, by law, to reject all such offers. At least one hen in the big flocks of Otto Siva of South Prairie has an answer to the depression. When a huge egg, 3 lnc]es long, from one of his hens was broken recently It ylelded one yolk and the usual white with the rest of the space being taken up by a second unbroken egg of nor- nal size.  Cutting and shipping Christmas trees and greens reached its peak last week and It i .estimaed'that 2,000,- 000 fir trees willava .be@n t4  in the ;,:  . :,+,.,, state by Decemb{,4. Thousands of them are being shipped from Long- view by rail and ship and other thousands are being trucked to the markets. Fresh sweet corn is being served on the Jay V. Carithers table in Long- view. Returning from a trip to Call. fornia too late to plant corn, Mrs. Carithers concluded to try it anyway, with the result that the family has enjoyed fresh corn during the entire month of November, and a number o ears remain to be picked. The Longview Paint & Varnish company, headed by Roy L. Sailors, recently received an order fer varnish from tho port of Lourenco Marques, in Portuguese South Africa. Mr. Sail- ors announced that recently his coin. party has shipped Its products to Bris. bane, Australia, and to Scotland. In- qulrtes have also been received from India and Spain, Robert Foster. Cosmopolis road orkman, tried to learn "what makes a wildcat wild," and is nursing an as. sortment of cuts and scratches as a re- sult. He encountered a wounded wild. cat while fishing., The animal's hip was swollen. Foster prodded it wtth his fishpole, then decided he would pet It into submission and take it home. The result was disastrous for him, and the cat is stlll at large. SALES TAX, ECONOMY ADVISED BY HOOVER His Last Annual Message Sent to Congress. Washlngton.--In hls farewell annual message on the state of the Union, transmitted to congress, President Hoover recommended a sales tax, re- ductlon of the pay of the federal bu- reaucracy and other economles as the means of balancing the still unbal- anced budget. He Informed congress that his budget for the fiscal year 1934 would propose expenditures aggregating $S',0,000,(0 less than tile $4,S00,000,000 so far ap. proprlated for the present flSC:ll year, He promised a beginning very soon on the reorgantzatlon of the admin- Istrative branch of tile government, provided for in the economy act of the last sesslon. For the most part the message dealt wlth the econmnlc problems produced by the depression. The President ad- vanced three courses of action all of Wlllch In hts opinion are essential to economle recovery. They are: 1. Ileductlon of the cost of fed. eral, state aml cal governlnent and balancing of the federal budget. 2. Reorgantzathm of the banking system, the weakness of which ag- gravated "the shocks to our economic life." 8. Co-operation with other nations to remove trade restrictions and strengthen commodity prlces. The message was silent on prohibi- tion and farm relief. The President's only mention of the question of war debt revlslon was to say that the debtors' pleas for suspenslon of the December 15 payments bad been re. Jected but that the Executive would recommend to congress "methods to overcome temporary exchange dlfficul- ties" In connection wlth such pay. meats. Country Has 25,000 Too Many Physicians New York.--There are about 25,000 more physlclans tn the United States than needed, though some communities haven't enough, says the final report of the commission on medical educa. lion. The commission recommends regula- tion of the specialists, reglonal relief where needed, perhaps hy "salaried" physicians, and a change and shorten- ing of pre-medtcal courses. Physicians of the future, it points out, mum be trained more and more in the illnesses of adulthood and of old age, for there sickness Is now Increas-  tag, due to conquest of childhood dis. eases and the consequent lengthenlng of llfe. " '+panese Take Hailer on Drive to Manchull Tsltsihar, Manchukuo. -- ;Tapanese troops were reported to have entered the walled city of Hailer, beyond the Khlngan mountains, in thelr campaign against Chinese who oppose the new government of Manchukuo. Hailer Is the nearest Importanf town to Man- chull, the Japanese objective, on the eastern branch of the Chinese Eastel railway. Moscow.--A telegram from Chits. Siberia, said that Gen. Su Ping-wen and his staff, fleeing before the Jap- anese army In northwest Manchuria, were disarmed and Interned when they attempted to cross Into Soviet terri- tory from Manchuli. Atlanta Doctor Burns Up Due Bills for $81,362 Atlanta, Ga.--Dr. George Brown burned his account books and told his patients to forget they owed him and "let's start all over." Doctor Brown bac $81,362 worth of due bills on hls books that he tossed Into a fire. He notified his ptt+tlentd by mall that he lind cleared the slate, "so please forget that this little serv- ice of none was ever rendered and lqbl" m" In. lmsslng along this messagL(of good will, g0o,"]-hope and good ci'eer." Santa Fe Archbis'ip Is Killed by Fall Santa Fe, N. M.A ten-fo0t fall Into the basement of a garage fatally in. Jnred the Most Rev. Albert T. Daeger, archMSllOp of Santa Fe and the Cath. pile archdloce of northern New Mex. lco. The prelate's skull was free. tared. He died at a hospital three hours later. Jouett Shous* Weds He{re=s Washlngton.--Jouett Shouse, former executive chalrman of the Demoeratle national committee and now head of the Association Against the Prohibi- tion Amendment, married Mrs. Cather- Ine FIlene Dodd, daughter of A. Lin- coln Filene, the Boston millionaire I merelmnt. The wedding ceremony was performed In the bride's Georgetown ,00:331++r0032d00ttendod hy a ,ew re, a.:. ....