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December 2, 1932     Quad City Herald
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December 2, 1932
 

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.., MAGAZINE SECTION BREWSTE.R HE, RALD Vol. 32 BIIEWSTEIt ItEItALI) Friday, Deceml)er 2, 1932 No. 29 = .. ii i II ii I I I iii IIII News Review of Current Events the World Over Europe's Concerted Move for War Debt Cancellation-- Hoover and Roosevelt to Confer--Diversion of Colorado River Completed. By EDWARD IR RONALD LINDSAY, British ambassador to Washington, handed to Secretary of State Sthnson his gov- ermnent's request that the United ;::;':,, "::i Sir Ronald Llndsay States agree to a re- consideration and modification o f t h e war debts agreements under which European powers are obligated to pay this country eleven billion dollars In prlnclpal and ten blllhms In Interest during the next 58 years, The French ambassador followed with an almost Iden- tical request on be- half of France, and two "days later Belgium asked the same thing. The three powers asked suspension of all war debt Install- ments, Including those due December 15, pehdlng the outcome of the discus" siGns suggested. Receiving notice of this action while on hl way from California to Wash- ington, President Hoover immediately informed President-Elect Roosevelt of the development and Invited him to a conference at the White House, sug- gesting that he bring with him, the Democratic leaders of congress and any other advisers he might select. He told Governor Roosevelt he was loath to proceed In lhe matter with ree- ommendathms to congress until he had conferred with him, since any set- tlement of the debt problem must be the result of protracted negotiations that would reach beyond the remain. lag days of his administration. Tim President's plan seemed fair enough. hut Mr. Roosevelt accepted It only "in principle," saying he would be glad to meet with Mr. Hoover and go over the situation but asking that the meeting be "wholly Informal and personal." He added that the European notes create a responsibility "which rests up- on those now vested with executive and legislative authority." Thus It was made evident Governor Roosevelt has no intention of shouldering any responsibility ahead of time. NE thing that Is fairly certain Is that Eurore'a concerted move for revision of the war debts, and cancel- lation if possible, will not be success- ful with the short sessioz of congress that opens In December. Not one of the senators and representatives In Washington was In favor of granting the concessions asked, so the prospect was that the debtor nations would either have to pay the December in- stallments or default. The British In- stallment Is 95, the Preach 20 millions, and the Belgian two millions. It was felt certain that Great Britain would pay .f necessary. GJ,vernor Roosevelt, according to Democratic leaders, is opposed to any reduction of the debts; but he thinks payment could be made easier through an economic conference to free trfide channels of tariff barriers and ex- change restrictions. President Hoover is opposed to downward revision of the tariff, but ha suggested that for- eign nations be given credit against their obligations for any concessions that wouhl offer a wider market for American farm products and manufac- tures. RANCE, through Premier Harriet, laid before the disarmament con- ference In Geneva Its complete plan designed to bring about general dis- arms.meat and world sacs. It was well re- -.Iced by the British, and Norman Davis. American representa- tive, praised It as "a great concession," so hopes for the success of the conference were high. But they were dashed when Germany refused to find In it reason for rejoining the parley, M. Heftier declaring the Herrlot program was Just another plan to as- sure French hegemony on the con- tinent. The French scheme, combining the ideas of security and disarmament. seemed to offer Gernmny the equality she demands, under terms yet to be agreed upon. But it provides for "Pro. gresslve disarmament" of the powers and excludes rearmament for Oer. many..The section of most vital in- erest to the United States reads: "Any war undertaken in breach of W. PICKARD the Paris (Briand-Kellogg) pact is a matter of Interest to all the powers and shall be regarded as a breach of the obligations assumed towards each one of thenl. "In the event of a hreach or threat of a breach of the Purls pact, the suhJ powers shall concert together as promptly as possible with a view to appealing to public opinion and agree- Ing upon the steps to be taken. "In apl,",,atlon of rite pact of Parls outlawing war. any breach of that pact shall Involve the prohibition of direct or ImHrect economic or finan. clal relathms with the aggressor cram- try. The powers shall umlertnke to adopt the necessary measures to make that prohibition Immediately effective. "The said powers shall declare their determination not to recognize any de facto situation brought about in con- sequence of the violation of an In. ternatlonal undertaking." This In essence means that the United States would abandon Its his. toric clalm to neutrality rights. Great Britain's plan, presented by Sir John Simon, concentrates on a re- duction of national armaments, par- ticularly air forces, the latter to he abolished by degrees on condition that Germany in the meantime dces not re- arm in the air. RANCE, Germany and Great Brit- ain have got together in one project --the foramthm of a tripartite eco- nomic consortium designed to rehahll- Rate Europe and tile Near East. It was announced In Paris by Raymond Patenotre. French undersecretary for national economy, who Said the first project would be the offering of a loan of 17.000,000,000 francs for the electrification of railways In Poland, Portugal. ltumanla and Iraq. France and England are expected to provide 40 per cent of the loan each. and Get many 20 per cent. Premier llerrlot will be the titular head of the con- sortlum In France and Chancellor Frnnz yon l'apen In Gernmny. Pate- notre, its the vice president for France. will be in actuul charge of operations. with ieadquarters In Paris. Palenotre sllid guaruntles ns to In- surance, security and noncolnl)etltlon In Industrial hlddlng would constitute the underlying principles of the or. ganlzatlon. IVERSION of the Colerado rh'er, one of the big prelhnhmry pieces of work in the bulhllng of the Hoover dam, has been completed and the full flow of the river Is now going under- ground through the two Arizona tunnels. The still water be- tween two temporary dams at the Inlet and outlet of the dlvershm tunnels has been punlped out and tile river bed told bare for nearly a mile ready for excavat'.on. Bed- Frank T. rock prolmbly will he Crowe reached by next July. Rome 4.0(D.000 cubic yards must be removed before pouring of concrete starts, the river bed being excavated to a depth of 130 feet. Frank T. Crows, general field su- perintendent of Six Companies, con- tractors, said the most difficult part of the project Is hehlnd the engineers. Building of the dam Itself, he ex- plained, will he comparatively simple work. l=le said the big Job was the ploneerhtg state of shaping tile great canyon wails, building the dlvershm tunnels and spillway bores and get- ting the river out of Its channel. Work on the project Is nlore than a year ahead of schedule and It Is ex- pected to be completed by the end of 1937. HEN Senator Borah's committee on foreign relations opened the llearlngs on the St. Lawrence water- way treaty tile expected opposition developed tnHaedhltely and In full force. Witnesses for the railroads, port aothorltlea, cities, and worhi shipphlg hlterests united in asserting that the development of tile St. Law- rence river for navigation and power would disrupt the national transpor- tation system, peril vital American In. dustrles, Injure hike shipping. Jeopard- Ize the coal and ore business of the /;real Lakes. and magnify the unem iiloynlent problem. Among other attacks on the water. way deveh)pnlent as proposed In the Hoover-Bennett treaty, were charffes that completion of that seaway be- tween the Great Lakes and the Atlan- tic, via Montreal, would Jeopardize billions of dollars' worth of railway bonds held by the public and lnsu once companies. EPRESENTATIVE SHANNON of Missouri resumed his investiga- tion of government competition with private business with hearings In Chi- cago, and his committee was tolfl that this competition Is a "trust" that must be destroyed If private enterprise is to be encouraged and economic re- covery furthered. Representatives of business organi- zations In Illinois and the Panama Canal Zone as well as executives of steamship companies, told the commit- tee of specific cases where the gore eminent competes to the detriment of private companies. On the basis of their testimony, the United States government today Is interested in every type of buslness from mortician to tile nnlnllfaCttlre of gun powder. The Illlm)Is Manufacturers associa- tion, reI)resentlng practically every manufacturing. Industry In the state, ascribed to the government respon- sibility for a large part of the unem- ploynmnt In the state and through Its counsel. [)avid C. Clarke, charged before the committee that the guy. ermnent has been found to be com- peting, directly, In 27 different manu- facturing operathms "and numerous others." Clarke declared that his association had been advised that the federal gov- ernment, was not strictly concerned with the actual cost Inwflved In Its ventures. "Much less." he said, "'Is there strict regard for any reasonahle profit to the government from indus- trial operations." KLAHt)MA Is twenty-five yen old, and the sliver anniversary of her admission to the Union was fitting- ly and excitingly celebrated on No- veml)er 16 In Oklaho- ma City. All the peo- ple of the state and the governors of ot her states were Invited to the birthday party, and many were i)re.' ont. At the head of the pioneers partlct- patlng was Guy. WII. Ilam El. Murray, who was president of the i constitnthmal convPN- ! Gov. Murray tlon and speaker Oil Oklahoma's first house of representatives. He was one of the speakers, the others being Charles N. Ilaskell. the first governor, and Vederal Judge Rober! L. Williams. for- met governor and first Suprente cmlrt Justice. Among twenty-six ()klaho- arena honored at a banquet and wh.se names were added to those in the state's Hall of Fame were Secretary of War Patrick Hurley, Will Rogers. cowboy humorist ; Ju(Ige Haskell, mice known as an oil company capitalist; Senator T. P. Gore. Senator Elmer Thomas and Former Senator Robert L. Owen. IBERALS of Honduras, having lost out in the recent election, have turned to revolution and have been fighting some bloody battles with the govermnent forces. The rebels were reported to have seized the towns of TruJlllo, La Ceiba and La Esper. anza. and then they moved on the city of San Pedro, which they captured. The fiercest of the fighting to date was In a Counter attack there by the government troops. EVERAL weeks ago In this column mention was made ot the quarrel between Peru and Colombia over pos- session of Leticla, and by a slip of the oen it was said the sector in die, pute had once been ceded by Colombia to Peru, instead of by Peru to Colom- bia. An authoritative source now gives the Informathm that the Letlcla sector was in fact ceded by neither country to the other, but thai It Is in territory that has always been claimed by Colombia. In 1922 by the terms of the Salomon-Lozano treaty (between Peru and Colombia) It was definitely decided that Colombia's southern houri. dory line included Letlcta within "the limits of Coh.nbla, and the sector was thereafter recognized by Peru as he. tonging to Colombia. OON after the December session of congress opens Senator Benlgno Aqulno of the Philippine legislature will be In Washington to take part In the efforts to wln Independence for the archipelago. He sailed from Ms- nun soe days ago bearing secret [n- structldns to the Iqliplno delegation, presumahly It, tile form of a mandate of the legislature Oltp,|slng hoth the Hawes and Hare bills, and dentandlng a new Independence grant wlthout res- ervation by the Unlted States of naval bases and coallng stath,ns. The mandate also wmlld provide for tariff reelproclty between tile United States and the Phlllpplnes and that there be no plebiscite on Independence by the islanders In the interim of tran- sition of governmen! for a period not exceeding ten years. The limitation on Importatlon of sugar to tIe United States free of duty would be fixed at not less than 1,500,000 hind tons. lgg|, Watarn Naw111LDt" [JnlQl. WASHINGTON NEWS ITEMS OF INTEREST Brief Resume of Happenings of the Week Collected for Our Readers. THE MARKETS Portland Wheat -- Big Bend bluestem, hard heat, 52c; soft white and western white, 49c; hard winter, northern spring and western red, 42c. HayBuying prices, t. o. b. Port |and; Alfalfa, Yaklma, $12.00. Butterfat--28@29c. Eggs--Ranch, 27@29c. Cattle--Steers, good, $4.25@5. TogsGood to choice, $3.25@4. Lambs--Good to choice, $4.25@4.50. Seattle Wheat -- Soft white and western White, 52c; hard winter, western red and northern spring, 51c; l::utetn, 56c. Butterfat--30c, Eggs--Ranch, 26c. Hogs---Good to choice, 3.50@3.75. Cattle--Choice steers, $4.25@4.50, Sheep--Spring lambs, $3@3,75. Spokane Cattle---Steers, good, $4.25@4.75, Hogs---Good to choice, $3,35@3.50. LambsMedlum to good, $3@3.50. Spokane realtors will Join with Se- attle realtors in an attempt to make the new 40-mill tax limit initiative ap- lly to this year's levies and next year'8 tax payments. The Fairfield commercial club re- cently voted to put up a community Christmas tree on Main street and ordered the streets decorated and colored lights put up. Forty families of Walls Walla ate Venison and pheasant Thanksgiving. It was confiscated by game authorities, kept in cold storage and distributed hy the Amertcan Legion. ProSser residents will support E, R. Tells for appointment to the board of regents of Washington State college to succeed Walt'or Rowe o Naches, 'hose term expires soon. A movement has been started at Se, atLle urging the name of J. D. Ross, superintendent of the city light depart- nent, for secretary of the interior in President Roosevelt's cabinet, J. Hofert, Los Angeles dealer in Christmas trees, visited Tenino re- cently. Hoert expects to ship 600 carloads of the trees this year, 30 of these to be loaded out of Tenino. Two-year-old Forrest Key of Seattle Supplies what it used to take to make a news story. Forrest bit his bull pup on the ear in a moment of anger. The !t;0 retaliated, and bit Forrest on the Two camps of the Clemens Logging company, working in Weyerhaeuser thnber out of Melbourne, near Aber- deen, started recently. Eetween 50 and 75 men, idle since June, went to work. The communlty kitchen of Walls Va.la served 936 meals during the week ending November 20, an increase of 100 over the week before. In addi- tion 90 families are being given gro, I series. School indebtedness in Spokane since 1920 has decreased from $143.15 per pupil to $76.19, while the average indebtedness throughout the county during the same period increased from $54.17 per pupil to $114.03. The chipping plant at the Polson Lumber & Shingle company mill at Hoquiam has been placed on a two- hift working basis, the usual day shift having been augmented by a night crew to speed up production. The fight to organize a power dis- trict in Yakima county will be con- tinued by the grange. Plans are being made to place on the ballot at the next e:ction a proposal similar to the one defeated in the recent election. James Deweese, a pioneer of the lower Yakima valley, is dead at the age of 84 years. He came to the Yakl- ma valley 45 years ago, and in the early development of the county he operated a ferry at the Mabton cross- tag of the Yakima river. About 20 famtlles who this year set- tled a logged off erea southwest of Centralla are completing erection of a hIngle mill, which is expected to start operations soon. The plant is equip- ld with one machine and wlU have a daily output of 30,000. It will be ruu on a co-operative basis. Enough tim- ber is available to keep it in operation several years. Charles Schroll, 103, once famous as the strong man of a circus, died at the county hospital at Spangle. In his prims hs possessed great physleal ntrength, which he developed by sys- tematic exercise and his feats of lift- ing were the wonder of circus fans for many years. George Chllvers and Karl Baumann of Adna are at Bremer arranging to resume cutting with their tie mill in llton river valley. Henry Moore of tandle purchased a steam outfit in Chehalis and will add it to his sawmill plaut at Randle, which will be operated with steam Dower. The Odessa Commercial club will stags an old-time market and get-to- gether day December 10. A whole steer will be barbecued and free sandwiches will be served. Stores will co-operate by giving special sales, and a free en- tertainment will be given in the even- ing at the school auditorium. First steps in preparing an intensive advertising campaign to combat mis- information regarding the sundness or reclamation development in the west were taken recently by 100 state reclamation leaders attending the "vVashington Irrigation institute 20tll annual convention held in Sunnyside. A 4-month-old calf owned by Bud Heele, live stock dealer, has flve legs, the fifth limb extending from its left hind hip and reaching to about the knee. The left hind leg is shorter than the right. The animal was one of a group recently purchased in the lower Yaklma valley and brought to Ellens- burg last week. Development of small farms on the logged lands of the northwest to pro, vide a "holdfast and mainstay" for families otherwise completely depend. ent on the lumber industry was urged at Aberdeen by Justice ,Varren T, Tolman of the state supreme court in an address before the Grays Harbo 3ar association. Purchase by the Long Lake Lumber company of Spokane of the Inland Era. pire assets of the Edwards & Brad- ford Lumber company is announced. The deal, involving the sawmill plant and general store at Elk, a large re, tail lumber yard at Hillyard and 42,. 000 acres of timber land, is one of the largest closed near Spokane in the last three years. Offers of 25 and 26 cents a pound for hops found no takers in the Yaki. ma valley. Growers hold to the belief the market will go higher, but deal. e:'s assert stocks purchased recently have been held by speculators and have not been placed in the hands of consumers, indicating a decline in the market may occur if unloading starts. Contracts are being signed at 17 cents. The Washington Gas and Electrlo company has begun construction or the placing of 6000 feet of steel pips line extending from its power plant on the Long-Bell mill site to the Long- view Fiber company plant. It will de, liver steam to the fiber plant under 200 pounds pressure. This steam line, and an additional electric power cir- cuit will provide a substitute for the main boiler plant of the fiber mill, Relieving the local uuemployment by hiring a number of Idle men, Jacob Maarty and his son John are develop- ing a new industry at Kettle Falls by shipping Christmas trees. Mr. Marty has headquarters in a Wisconsin city, while his son here secures the trees and ships them from Meyers Falls. He is shipping three carloads (12,000 trees) this fall and if the venture proves successful flnancially they ex- pect to increase their shipment# next year ten-fold. Voters of Aeosta have written the final chapter In this boom town's color- ful career. At the polls recently they voted to dlsincorporate, placing the settlement of the town's $300{) in debts in the hands of a receiver. In 18S9 th's town started to be the great. et raihvay and shipping terminal in the northwest. At the peak of the boom, lots sold for 5000 each, and buyers stood in line for the privilege of purchasing at  this price. The de, presslon of 1893 punctured the boom town's hopes, and started it on the down road. Stevenson is to have a new sawmill on the river front wtthln a few months. C. H. Marsh and associates of Toledo. Or., have taken a lease on county and city property and will begin the erec- t!on of a 40,000-foot mill, which will support a planer and a hox factory. They also have contracted from the county for about 50,000,000 feet of tim. her an0,/they own a large acreage of fir and pine in the Big White Salmon river valley, which will be milled at Stevenson. They wlll begin cutting pilings for the mill soon and will have It in operation by late sprlng. WAR DEBT PROBLEM LEFT TO HOOVER Roosevelt Confers With Him but Is Non-Committal. Washlngton.--The conference ot President Hoover and President-elect Roosevelt, held at the White House, failed to reach an agreement on for- eign debt policy. Governor Roosevelt was friendly but unwilling to make any public eommit- ment now or Join In any recommenda- tion to congress. President Hoover will proceed with his own program, probably recommending the recreatlou of the debt funding conmdsslon but no suspension of the payments of $124,. 000,000 due December 15. This was the information which be- came available unofficially after the two men and their advisers had closed an anflable but guarded two-hour In- terview. The White House Issued the follow- Ing formal statement: "The President and Governor Roose- velt traversed at length the subjects mentioned In their telegraphic com- munication. It is felt that progress has been .made. The Presldent con- ferred with the members of the con- gress, when the subject was further pursued." While the two principals of the his- toric conferenea declined to amplify the statement directly, it was clear they had made no headway toward presenting a united front to congress and to Europe. Governor Roosevelt adhered to his position that the imme- diate responsibility for meeting the crisis rested on the present admlnls. tratlon and the present congress. Yet he and hls adviser, Prof. Raymond L Moley, appeared Impressed with the confidential information presented by the President and Ogden L. Mills. sec- retary of the treasury. Governor Roosevelt, while apparent- ly willing to discuss the data with Democratic congressional leaders, ln- dlcated he would not try to dictate the !course of the Democrats in the hold- over congress to reassemble Decem- ber 5. Since President Hoover alone will be unable to break down congressional refusal to reconsider the question at all, the effect is to force the European debtor natlons to pay or default and to put the whole question over onto the Roosevelt administration. The members of congress with whom the President conferred followlnghls talk with Governor Roosevelt were Speaker Garner, the Vice President elect; Senators Smoot, Watson, Reed, Harrlson, King and George; and Rep- resentatives Hawley Trendway, Bacha- rach, Rainey, Collier and Doughton. Delmar W. Call, Prominent Manufacturer, Is Dead Battle Creek. Mleh.--Delmar W. Call, slxty-two, manufacturer, died at the Battle Creek sanitarium, following a short illness. He was taken Ill at Cleveland while on a visit to his moth- er, Mrs. A. W. Call, coming here for treatment. Mr. Call, whose homo was at Los Gates, Callf., was president of the Allis-Chalmers company; of Hale & Kllburn, and an official of the Natlonal Malleable company and American Steel foundries. He is survlved by his widow and one son. Slayer of Prison Clerk's Wife to Die in Cha',.r Columbus, Ohlo.--John (Red) Down- lag was convicted of first degree mur- der, without mercy, for the slaying o! his benefactress, Mrs. Mauree Bonzo, wife of the parole and record clerk at Ohlo state penltentlary. The verdict makes death In the electric chah' man- datory. Downing, a former convict, killed a woman In Cincinnati some years ago. At that time Ie was sen- tenced to a life term. The sentence was commuted. On October 25, Down. ing went to the Bonzo home and slew Mrs. Bonzo. National Ice Races in Oconomowoc January 28 Oconomowoc, Wls.--The 1933 edi- tlon of the men's nntlonal outdoor lee skating champlunshlps will be held on Lake Fowler here January 28 and 29. Thls was decided at a conference of Wlsconsln skntlng officials and Frank Kalteux of Chicago, presldent of the Amateur Skating Union of the United States. 78 Rebels Deported by Brazil Reach Portuga! Lisbon, PortugaL--The Brazlllan steamer Slquelra Campus arrived with 78 deportees aboard. All were sent out of Brazil after the recent abortive re. volt against the regime of Provisional President Getullo Vargas. Among the group were Gen. Bertoldo KIInger, six other generals, and 32 officers, polltl. clans, and Jouruallsts.