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Quad City Herald
Brewster, Washington
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August 4, 1922     Quad City Herald
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August 4, 1922

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/ IS d'.::k%. kEWSTER APPLES WON PR]7.I. IN 1915 AT SAN FRANCISCO, RE WS'I"ER / AND SEATTLE IN 1918 AS THE WORLD'S BEST. HERALD ,,,i . i i I I I I mm ........ , , , ,, /,if" , I I li VOLUME 22. MORRILL 00ILL IS FRAI00ED B:LL PASSED IN LIN- COLN'S TIME IS PRAIS- Immlt "I" ED BY OFFICIALS . OF THE STATE The Morrill Bill which made pos- sible the establishment of the State College of Washington and other land grant colleges of America, was signed by Abraham Lincoln in 1862 I provided for new economic and so- cial needs, and also sought to equal- ize educational opportunities so that the children of the poor and of the industrial classes would have as good a chance as any other children to make the most of themselves. The State College of Washington was es- tablished in accordance with the Mor rill Act by the State Legislature of Washington in 1891. What the State College Costs This institution has grown, until today is one of the great land grant colleges of America. It is proper now for the members of the Grange to know what this institution costs the taxpayers, in what ways it is serving not only the farmers, their wives and children, but all the people of the state" A careful study of the accompanying tax dollar will be illuminating as to the distribution of the tax dollar in maintaining both county and state governments. The King County tax dollar shows that the people of that county pay 97-100 ths of one cent for all services ren: tiered by the State College of Wash- ington. The Yakima county tax dol- lar shows that one and 2-10th cents is taken out of every dollar for the support of all work offered under the direction of our college.. These fig- urea are somewhat below those of a number of other counties of the state but in no case does the amount go a- bove two cents out of the entire dol- lar. In Whitman county it is one and 75-100ths cents; in Pierce county 97-100ths of a cent; in both What- corn and Snohomish counties, one and 14-100ths cents; while in Spok- ane county, it is one and 2fi-100ths cents, i Even though this sum is small, it - is right to know what returns, large or small, are received by the people of Washington for the maintenance of our institution. If it produces more dollars than it costs, it is a :: good investment; if it costs more dol- liars than it produces, then it is bad, :and should be "cast into outer dark- 2less." What are the Returns?' There is a variety of wheat bred and distributed by our State College whlcb now constitutes more than 11 1)er cent of the wheat grown in Wash ington ...... It is known as Hybrid 128. and was developed from Little Club, "" and Jone's Fife ..... It is now yleld-! ing in Washington more than 375,000 "bushels of wheat annually in excess of the amount its parents would yield :if grown in its place ..... That is with " "wheat worth $1 a bushel, our col- lege should be credited with at least .175,000 ..................................... .... Improved culture and methods of seed treatment ..have reduced., the state's loss from smut, faulty tillage and similar difficulties by an amount t which can reasonably he figured at no less than 2. per cent of the to- tal wheat crop ..... This saving on a crop., of.. approximately.. 40,000,000 bushels per year amounts to at least 1,000,000 bushels of wheat saved, or aproximately $1,000,000 annually, .. The apple growers of Washington recall that in the beginning of their industry the codling moth threatened it with destruction. Shortly after our college entered upon a study of this pest. At that time the fruit growers were averaging more than seven sprayings per year in the at- tempt to control this great menace. Our State College worked out an ef- .,,fieient method of combating it. At ,that time Washington was losing nell less than 40 per cent of its fruit crop at present it is losing from 5 to 10 per cent. Conservatively figured, the apple crop of Washington s worth I annually about $65,000,000. If we allow our college credit for only 21 per cent saving we should credit the the institution with $i,000,000 a year ]a edlltloa to the e,rvie rele PUBLISHED IN THE INTEREST OF AND TO THE "GATEWAY TO THE FAMOUS OKANOGAN C " /; OUNTRY .= / BREWSTER, OKANOGAN COUNTY WASHINGTON. CAr;00PERS ARE VERY CARELESS FORE3T FIRES DUE TO LARGE EXTENT TO CARELESSNESS OF CAMPERS State officers who are on' fire pa- trol duty lmve found that the camp- ers and autonml)ile tourists who ap- parently are very careful about extin guishing their fires after preparing morning and night meals have been growing forgetful during the noon hour. One patrol officer last week for example, extinguished six small fires during a single nobn hour. This was an unusually large number of new fires to be discovered during such a short interval, but the exper- ience of the state deputies has been that the danger of new fires increas- es about the time the auto parties, af- ter having enjoyed a hasty luncheon, get ready to start on again. State officials have asked for the co-opera- tion of the public in seeing that all camp fires are carefully extinguished BABY WANTS NAME NOT GOLD says mother. | i ii i to the wheat and apple growers, the college has helped increase the yield and profit of every other leading crop in the state. Other Benefits The poultry industry of Washing- ton has made it possible for many farmers on small tracts of land to survive serious economic conditions especially disastrous to the agricultur- al classes. The poultry industry of Washington is a direct beneficiary of the Western Washington Experiment Station and the Main Experiment Sta- tion at the State College of Wash- ington. The increased production of alfal.- fa through the use of fertilizer intro- duced by our college has meant not less than $200,000 a year; the salvage from cows affected with red water, not less than $300,000; and the pre- vention of goiter and hairlessness in domestic animals is worh at least $200,000 The total specifically described as saved in the above detailed account, amounts to over $3,000,000, and is only a chapter in the story of the splendid service rendered by our State College of Washington. Many people would be surprised at these amounts. They would wonder less, however, if they realized fully what With its great crops of many kinds a climate wonderfully varied, and a vast reserve of undeveloped resour- ces, its vast crops go into the millions. It is gratifying to know our State College of Washington, even though young, has for yeras been paying! more than its way. But we can not keep from thinking of larger issues A nation can not buy its way through a crisis with money alone. It must think its way through, and this it can not do unless it has well trained leaders. The State College of Washington hsa for years been taking our sons I and daughters and giving them the i most efficient training, not only in I agriculture, engineering, sciences, and arts, but also economics and busi- ness methods having to do with both distribution and production. Training for a Useful Life But best of all, Eese youngpeo- ple have been taught a great deal about their opportunities and respon- sibilities s American citizens. These young people trained at the State Col!ege will assist greately in calling attention to the fundamental needs in the basic industry, agriculture. It is necessary for the people of Wash- ington, especially those livnig in cities, to understand that there can be no permanent prosperity in the cities and in the state at large, until agriculture prospers. We hope the authorities of the State College will permit no student to leave until he knows that fundamental fact. Conservative Economy Necessary .... This is a time for economy in the management of our city, county and state governments. We are in ac- cord with the movemett looking to every possible saving, bu: we do not believe that such economy can be brought about by cutting off a frac- tion of the relatively small amount now paid to our tate College of / / t JULY 28, 1922 NUMBER 6 iii, I I I ARGUMENT ON I STATEFINAN- I i 30-10 BILL I CES IMPROVE :%::::::. .., hlS EVAN BU RROW FO,QTAINE The son of multi-millionaire Harry Payne Whitney, Cornelius , Vanderbilt Whitney, has been asked .... to give his name to the 18-month- otd baby of Miss Evan Burrows Fontaine, noted Oriental dancer of ] New York. The action was started when the engagement of young Whitney to Miss Marie Norton, society girl of New York, s announced. The dancer claims young Whit- ney wanted to marry her while he was student at Yale but she,refUsed as theirs was a true love match and she didn't want to hurt his career. He grew cold, she says, when she told him of the baby, which she now calls Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, Jr. It's a name not gold that my baby /,|$ '/ARIE P4ORTObl wants, she says. , Miss Norton says her friendship --; : : ...... :: ..... '  ' ' I0 r young Whitney is unchangtL Washington. If the basic industry agricluture, and other allied lines, are to be placed upon a prosperous basis, false economy can not be employed in the maintenance of our State Col- lege. We can think Of many other places where reductions can be made with less disaster than at the State College of Washington. We believe that the small fraction of tle tax dol- lar invested in the State College of Washington is a paying investment, and could even be increased with EMPHASIZES THE "' STATE PLATFORM In a formal announcement of his candidacy for re-election, U. S. Rep- resentative Albert Johnson endorses and emphasizes the planks on nation- al affairs that were written into the Republican state platform. Mr. Johnson who is chairman of the House committee on immigration and nat- financial profits, not only to the farm- uralization, especially endorses his er, but to the man in the city whose party's stand for restricted legisla- prosperity is dependent upon the I tion, and declares himself in favor 0f of the-countr - barring immigrants who are not eligi- prosperity y. especmlly" emphasized in Mr. John- son s announcement include national TWISP BOY WINS STATE ESSAY HO::O:t In the whole state o Washing'on the best essay written on the subject of good roads was penned by our Nemen E. Ridge, the paper being re- cently submitted in a statcwide con- test. The winning essay from each state in this contest is submitted in a national contest, and the winner in the national contest will receive a coi legs education. The following fron: the Highway and Highway Transpor Education Committee of Washington; D. C., giving notice Cf award o; state honors is self-explanatory. "Mr. Nemen E. Ridge, Twisp, Washington. Your essay submitted 'for entry in the National Good Roads contest has been certified to us as having been awarded first hen ors for the state of Washington. "We desire to congratulate' you Ul on your success and.to say that yot: essay will now be one of fifty-two o fifty-three to be handed to the naioL al judges for their consideration ih the award of the four years universi. ty scholarship offered by H. S. Fire- stone, Akron, Ohio, a member of the committee. The scholarship as you are aware, is intended to defray tui- tion and all reasonable expense o1" 1 successful contestant in college, is valued at not less than $4,000. i--" Twls@ New. r economy, adherence to the principle o representative government, sup- por of the soldier's bonus, the mer- clmnt marine, Smith-McNary recla- mation bill and Columbia Basin pro- ject. "My platform will be that of the Republican party," he declares. REDUCTION IN FARES IS DOUBTFUL The Interstate Commerce Commis- Aon has intimated that it is not yet convinced that general reduction in interstate railroad passenger fares can be ordered without jeopardizing railroad revenues. The Department of Public Works has formally asked ior passenger rate reductions, and will not abandon this position before he Interstate Commerce Commission Wimther the federal body would ob- ject to the Department's attempt to investigate railroad fares withing this mte has not yet been made clear. NOTED REBEKAH COMING Mrs. Grace J, Harter, of Yakima, President of the Rebekah Assembly will make her official visit to this Lodge Saturday night, August 5th. All mmbers are urged to be pres- seS. SCHOOL BILL IS CAL. LED UNFAIR TO THE TAXPAYERS OF STATE Initiative 46, called the 30-10 equalization measure, has the follow- ing arguments against it. l-It is misnamed: It will not equal- ize the distribution of school funds and give equal advantages to every child in Washington, but will require an increase in state school taxes of $3,750,000 annually. A mathemat- ical calculation demonstrates that ex- isting inequalities would be aggreva- ted by the bill. 2-;t is Unnecessary l No education- al emergency exists in this state. The rural school system of Washington is one of the best in the union, with a maximum of expenditure and of efficiency. Washington's schools average far above those of other states with one-room schools and fewer poor districts. 3-The Measure will not succeed in its announced purpose! Out of 2600 school districts less than three per cent need relief. These poor dis- tricts will not be relieved by the bill, but their taxes will be increased. 4-1t is Etravagantl The needy dis- tricts can be adequately relieved by: less than $500,000 now available un- der the existing tax system. The bill, therefore, proposes to raise $3,- 750,000 needlessly. 5-it will Increase Taxes[ It requires the taxpayers of the state, who now pay $20 per school child, to pay $30 per school child into the state public school fund. There are 375,000 school children in the state. The bill, therefore, increases taxation by $3,750,000 annually. 6-It is Based on Deceptionl It pro- fesses to secure "equality for child- ren and justice for taxpayers". But it cannot give equal opportunity to all school children and it increases heavily the burden now resting on the taxpayer. The claim that the load will be lifted at the other end by the lightening of district taxation is contrary to human experience. The same claim was made with re- gard to the 20-10 law, but under its provisions the district levy. during the first year of it's operation increased $3,792,805.44. The state of Oregon under similar conditions experienced the same result. 7-It Changes The Method Of Dis- tributing School Funds-- At present school funds are distributed on the basis of pupil attendance. By in- troducing the number of teachers as a factor in the apportionment of the 30-10 school funds, the new basis of distribution is intended to increase the number of teachers while at the same time increasing their salaries. 8-it Will Prevent The Consolidation Of School Districts By Distributing School Funds On The Basis Of Teach ere As Well As Of Pupil Attendance and by destroying the incentives to consolidation given by the present law. Often consolidation will re- lieve needy districts without increas- ed expense. 9-It Will Tend To Increase Teach- ere' Salaries More money will be av- ailable in all school districts and will be distributed where sixty-five per cent of school expenses go, to the teachers' themselves. 10- With a bonded public indebted- hess of a little more than $174,000, 000 and a tax increase during the past six years of three hundred per cent the taxpayers of the state of Washington are already facing the menace of confiscation. Business and industry are being taxed out of existence. The tax burden must be decreased  not increased. The proposed 30-10 initiative bill is a i tax-increasing measure and would !place an additional and unnec- essary burden on the already over- burdened taxpayer. INSPECTING THE COLUMBIA BASIN The preliminary federal survey of the Columbia Basin Project was started at Flathead /.e, the bi@ TREASURER BABCOCK'S REPORTS SHOW SOME LARGE SAVING IN STATE'S FUNDS State Treasurer C. L. Babcock's monthly report shows that the state's finances are making a continuous im- provement this year. The balances on hand during the present summer are much larger than during previ- ous years, and the general fund, in )articular, continues to grow instead of falling off during the middle of the summer. All the state educational institu- tions show a healthy balance at pres- ent, though in past years their ten- I dency has been to stretch their ap- i propriations. Gee. L. F. Hart's de- mand for rigid economy il credited with responsibility for this showing. The Chehalis Normal School levy is untouched, and the fisheries fund, which had a deficit last year, has a surplus now. The mill tax levy, which the people voted in November, 1920, to pay for bonus bond interest and provide a sinking fund for the retirement of the bonds is taking care of the inter- est on $11,000,000 worth of bonds and providing $540,00 a year for the sinking fund. The bonds may be re- deemed after ten years, and Treas- urer Babcock will seek to find a profi- table investment for the sinking fund so more than half the issue can be paid off in 1931. The $1,500,000 of bonus bonds purchased with the poll tax receipts are held in the state i treasury and may be cancelled by the next legislature. None of the poll tax money has been touched except as they were needed to pay soldiers bonus claims. If the legislature au- thorizes the payment of bonuses to the rest of the "professional soldiers" from this state, and amends the bon- us law eo a number of claimants who were barred by inadvertence can get their money, these extra payments can be made out of the poll tax re- ceipts. ELECTION PAMPHLET BEING PREPARED Work of printing the biennial elec- tion phamplet which is mailed to all registered voters by secretary of state J. Grant Hinkle, is now under way. As rapidly as the lists of reg- istered voters is received from prec- inct officers the envelopes are addre- ssed. The election phamplet this year will contain copies of three consti- tutional amendments, four referred bills and two initiative measures. The only bill on which both friends and opponents presented arguments for publication in the phamplet is the 30-10 school bill. The three constitutional amend ments are: one that permits trial o )ersons for offenses committed on railroad trains , boats, or other pub- lic conveyances in any county through which such conveyances may pass; another fixes the final limit for payment from appropriations at one calendar month after the expiration of the biennium; and the third rais- ing the pay of members of the legis- lature from $5 to $10 a day. The referred bills are: No. 12, pro- vlding for granting certlflcaue. of necessity and convenience to public utilities; No. 13, preserving the right to enforce vaccination rules in con- tagious disease cases, No. 14, and No. 15, safeguarding the direct primary so as to prevent unauthorized per- sons from voting in party primaries, and legalizing party platforms so that candidates who will not pledge themselves to carry out party prom- lists will be come ineligible to file. Montana collecting basin, on Monday last by Frank M. Goodwin, assistant secretary of the interior. Marvin Chase, State Supervisor of ,hydraul- ics, and Fred Adams, educational di- rector of the project met Mr. Good- win at the Lake. The federal of- ficials will make an extensive trip over the enti h'riation project in al its upetel, 1 i"