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Quad City Herald
Brewster, Washington
April 5, 1929     Quad City Herald
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April 5, 1929

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BBEWSTER HERALD Banding a (Prepared by the National Ueographto Society, Washington. D. C.) HAT animal is the greatest traveler7 NeT .m in spite of his railroads and automobiles, his Ships and airplanes. Tlle myriads of birds that" each spring and autumn fly north and south, in some cases for vast dlstances, undoubtedly still hold first place. Man's interest in birds began in those far-distant primitive days wlmn an Intimate knowledge of all the wild life about him was often his only safe- guard against starvation. Long be- fore the dawn of history the mystery in the great northerly and southerly movements eaei spring and autumn of vast numbers of birds of many kinds keenly interested blm and stim- ulated his Imagination. Fantastic theories were built up to account for them and entered into myths and folk- lore, where some still survive, even in civilized countries. It has long been known that some of the smaller birds that breed in the North appear in middle latitudes on their return in July. The number of these little voyagers increases in Au- gust and the movement is in full tide in September. The hosts of wild fowl linger mainly until October and No- vember, when the frosts of approach- ing winter in the North send them Southward. The multitude of warblers that went Northward in spring so gaily bedecked In all the bravery of their nuptial colors come trooping back with their young, all clad in sober hues more fitting their present prosaic task of making a living off the country, and laying in a goodly supply of fat to help meet any privations winter may hold in store fn the warm Southern lands they seek. Bring JOY t o the Far North. In far Northern lands where untold millions of ducks and geese and other wild fowl go to rear their young, the advent, during the last of April or early in May, of the first of these birds Is the cause of exultant Joy to the people. Contentment fills their hearts, for the coming of the birds marks the end of the long, cold period of scarcity and the beginning of that part of the year in which food is again plentiful. i In the old days fur traders in Can- ada and Alaska rewarded with to- bacco the Indian or Eskimo who saw the first goose winging its way over- head in spring. White men Joined with the natives in the Jubilant wel- come to the newcomer. The bird life of the United States ts believed to total more than four billion individuals. This means that many hundred millions of migrants move North and South with the changing seasons. Though many go by day and may be seen by all who take the trouble to observe, vast num- bers also pass by night. During the height of the spring mi- gration, those whose ears are attuned to nature's voices may hear mysteri- ous notes overhead, many of which may be recognized. They mark the course of winged travelers exulting In springtime vigor and approaching nupthds in the haunts which they seek toward the top of the world. Tele- scopesheld on the moon at that time often reveal their silhouettes as they cross Its face. In autumn the throng moves South- ward over a longer period, and the travelers wear the soberer garb of everyday life. Though It has been plain that mi- grating species, In general, move North and South--the movements of some covering nearly or quite the entire length of the continent--yet only vague information on the subject has been available, since It was Impassible to determine the movement of indi- viduals. Through" bird banding a method Is now developed that will not only tell us where Individual birds wander, but will enable Us to trace their routes and determine the exact areas where they go in the North to rear their young or Jn the South to winter. Wander Far From Home. We may also learn something con. eernlng the strange, sporadic occur fence of birds In parts of the wmqd far distant from their homes. Such wandering individuals are probably much more numerous than we sus peet, This Is indicated by the re- peated occurrences of robins, hobo Bald Eagle, links, and other American birds England, and even on Helgoland, that insignificant island in the North sea where so many visitors from distant regions have been found. St. Paul island, the largest of the small Prlb- llof islands, In Bering sea, appears to be another landing place for lost birds Judging from the number of stragglers from eastern Asia and the Alaskan mainland thor have been found there. Systematic marking of birds, each properly recorded for the purpose of studying movements and habits, has developed in Europe and the United States within the past 30 years. The greatest advance has been sincb 1920 and It is now becoming a well-recog- nized line of research. Investigators familiar wlth the bird life of their districts capture the alive and unharmed, with many in- genious traps, and place a numbered aluminum band or ring on the leg of each, Each band bears a central ad- dress, so that whenever the bird is retaken, alive or dead, the finder may forward either the band or the num- ber of it, The use of birds as nessengers by man began in the dim past, Perhaps the earliest record is that of Noah who is said to have sent out the Raven and the Dove to prospect for land. The first record of birds being marked to distinguish them after flight appears to be in the tenth book of Pliny's Natural History, which states that a Romnn sportsman took swallows from Volaterrae (Volterra), in Tuscany, to Rome. During the chariot races the birds were marked with colors of the winners and then liberated to carry the news back home. For a time prior to the development of systematic banding, students de- slrous of lifting the veil of mystery surrounding bird movements cut the feathers so they could readily be Identified. Sometimes they marked the birds with bright colors, or at- tached a small piece of parchment with a legend to a feather or to a leg. These crude and scattered efforts gave little information. The first record of a bird banded ap- pears to have been made In 1710. A great gray heron, bearing several rings on one leg, was taken in Ger- many. One of the rings apparently had been placed on it In Turkey. Banding and Recording. In 1899 Prof. (3. (3. Mortensen. n school teacher of Vlborg, Denmark. began systematically to band and re- cord storks, starlings, and other blrd$ along the general lines which are still in use. Thus he became the pioneer in practical, scientific methods of bird banding, and his success led to the work being taken up in various places. especially in Great Britain, Sweden. elsewhere in Europe, and also in the United States. The two records of birds banded In Europe being taken on this slde of the Atlantic appear to be both of Kitti- wake gulls. Tim first was a young bird banded 3une 28, 1923. on tile Farne islands, off the coast of Nor- thumberland. On August 12, 1924, It was killed in the District. of St. Barbs, Newfoundland. The second was also banded on the Fame Islands, June 30. 1924, and was taken at Gross Water Bay, Labrador, In October, 1925. No bird banded on this side has yet been taken in Europe, although many stray American birds have been re- corded there. One banded American bird, however, has been recovered in Africa. In tile United States. Audubon made tile first recQrd of bird marking about 1803, while he was living on Perkio- men creek, near Philadelphia. He placed silver cords about the legs of a brood of phoebes, two of which re- turned to the same neighborhood the following year. The "ploneers In systematic bird banding In this country were, first, Dr. Leon J. Cole, and later Mr. Howard H. Cleaves. Their enthusiasm enabled them to keep bird banding In contin- uous operation from the beginning of the century to the time when tile work was taken over by the biological sur- vey in 1920. One demonstration of the keen In- terest in bird banding has been'the formation of four regional bird-band- Ing associations, among which has been divided all of the territory in North America north of Mexico. They have secretaries to keep tn touch with the members and to promote theJr activities. e +e + i THE '+ + HOUSE HE + + :'_+ ...... + ((' by D. J. Waish.) ATHERINE BROWNE passed the house every day on tmr way to work. At night when she returned home she noted the progress that had been made upon It during tile hours since she had last seen it. Thus she came to know it, stick by stick and stone I)y stone. It was such a house as she m(ght have built for herself if she hud the means--a cleverly proportioned, two story and attic dwelling, with a Dorch at one side looking Into tile orchard, where a porch should look. and n fireplace at the opposite side to help ward off the east winds. M|ddlefleld folks had a great deal to say about the house Ehuer Hubifle was building. It was going to cost a "mint of money wltllout Iookingqt," for only the best materiuls were going into it. It was a house that would shield and shelter generations-- Elmer's children and grandchildren. and even further on "perhaps. Somewhere down South was the woman it was being built for, Ehner's in fiancee. Mtddlefield folks had never seen her, but they knew shout her Elmer had met her a few years be- fore and ever since had been trying to get her to come North as his wife. She was a New Orleans beauty, hlghly seasoned with Creole bh)od, the sister of the girl Elmer's cousin, Sam Hub- ble, had married. Sam had a sugar warehouse, or something of that kind, in New Orleans, and Ehner had visited him one winter. Hence this romance. The fact that Elmer was building the warmest possible nest proved that MIss L'Soule had promised to be his wife. Catherine Browne thought of Elmer and his love being happy In the house of their dreams. She wanted him to be happy, even though bts being so must cost her all the happlness sire had in life. For she had loved hhn. had always loved hhn. Way back when they were toddlers they had played togetl)er and he had kissed her when she fell and hurt herself. They had been playmates and sclloolmates. Then their lives diverged. Elmer went Into business with his father, and be- gan to make money, while her father In one unlucky speculation lost every- thing and then Insunely threw his life away because of it. Catherine and her mother had suf- fered a decline of fortune that was faster than falling downstairs. In- deed, it produced something of the same effect upon them, only that Cath- erine picked herself up, bruised and tottering, and tried to rnfs9 her moth- er. With home and Income and pro- tection gone tile glrl snatched a hur- ried business training and went to work in the office of the district at- torney, who had been bet father's warmest friend. She made a new home for her mother from a few remus and no one beard her com- plain. Every morning she went to work with a smile and the slender fingers that had played the harp so prettily now plied the typewriter keys. As for the harp there had been no room for it in the new hohte and it had been sold at a shocking reduc- tion. One morning as Catherine was pass- Ing the new house she saw Elmer Hubble standing In earnest conversa. tlon with the head carpenter. Elmer had the specification papers In his hands. She was astonished when he spoke to her, "Won't you come here a minute, Miss Browne, and settle this point for me?" Catherine complied. The point had to do with a corner cuphnard In the dining room, She gave her opinion. since it had been asked for, and tile carpenter complimevted her. Fhner was pleased, too, and the little Inci- dent ended In his showing her iwer the house. As she went ('alherlne visualized It as furnished anll occu- lied. In the great plate-glass mh'ror that ;red a closet door she saw herself tall a ld graceful, bhlml, and thought of the dusky beauty whom II was In- tended to reflect. When the tour of the house was finished Ehner took her to her work In Iris roadster, whtcb was standing at the door. They Joked a little over the superiority of the feminine mind when it came to such things as eor. her cupboards and Catherine found that her wit was more than a match for Elmer's, Day's passed. She did not see him again except upon the street for e distant nod of recognition. TI,e house was finished and decorators took It In charge. One evening as Catherine was lear. lag the office Elmer drove up In Ills roadster. "I must beg another oplnhm of you, Catherine," he said. "1 don't like the color design of the west chuadmr and tlmt perverse Bowers insists that it Is all right," Catherine nccompanled him to the house and they ascended to tile west room, where the men were still at work. Tilts room she knew was to be the bride's chamber and It was heln, done In shades of pink and cream But the pink was crude. She knew it the Instant she saw It and the thought came to her tO leave It as It was. bliss l,'Soule could endure s shade less than perfecthm when ev. erything else was so faultless. "Well?" said Elmer. looking at her, "l don't like It," she admitted. "It's !oo pronounced, b fainter shade"-- for the decorator was looking at her rather angrily. Elmer gave I)er a color card. "Pick out a shade you think best," he said. Catherine hesitatingly put her fin- ger upon a color. "Change it to that," Elmer ordered. "Catherine went away disturbed by what she had done. After all, It was her own opinion. The dark girl might have liked the brighter color. It would cost Ehner a lot of money and tim decorator looked ready to eat her. At last the house was coml)lete In every detail lind people began to wen- tier when Ehner was going to bring home his bride. Then snddenly there ,was a great stir throughout Middle- field. Miss L'Soule was not coming at all! She had broken with Elmer nnd married stone one else. "I tell you those southern girls are tricky," old Mr. Blodgette chuckled. "I knew one once"-- [le became lost in mental reminiscence, Catherlne thought of Elmer's disap- pointment. The wonderful house all ready l She pitied him Intensely. "The wicked thlngI" she thought, but she never hreathed a word to any- body of what she felt. She saw Ehner every day and he seemed to be going on with hls busi- ness quite as usual, but she surmised that he suffered. One afternoon as she was golng home from work he came along in I)ls roadster and picked lmr up. "I'm going to take you for a little spin along the river," he said casual- ly, "and I'm going to ask you for an- other opinion." When they came to a beautiful spot he stopped the car. "If you were a man and one glrl had treated you badly would you put ymtr faith In another girl?" he asked quietly. "I certainly would," Catherine re- piled wltlmut thinking. He laid his hand over hers. "That's exactly what l have been doing for the last five months," lie said. "1 had no sooner started that house than I knew that Marie was ant coming North. But she didn't change her mlnd about me much quicker than I changed mine about her. I went on and flnlshed my house not for Marie, but for you, Catherine." "For reel" gasped Catherine. "For you," replied Elmer with a look In hls honest eyes that she knew she could trust. Feathered Tribe of Peru Produces Fortune The most valuable bird In the world Is never sold, never skinned nor dressed, Its feathers have no use, Its eggs serve no useful purpose except to raise more birds, no human being ever ate it, and It Is rarely seen by the ordinary persoq. It Is the guano btrd, and It lives off the coast of Peru. Its sole purpose In the world Is to fly around and catch fish, have a good tlme, raise Its young--and produce guano, writes Homer Croy In Popu- lar Science Moathly. Gqano Is used as a fertilizer, and Is 33 times as strong as barnyard manure. It has supplied a billion dollars' worth of fertilizer for the farmers of Peru, South America, Enghmd and the Unit- ed States. The number of tim birds is amazing. One sees them in great black rivers flowing through the air--gulf streams 'of the sky. There are milllnns and millions of them. in the late afte noon, Just before snnset, the birds are thickest, for they are flying home to their bird islands off the coast of Peru. They obscure the sun like an eclipse. Indeed, they are eo numerous that on Central Chlnchn Ishmd alone they eat 1,(X)0 tons of fish a dayl Why are these birds more numerous tlmre than any other place In the world? The answer Is the Hun)hold! current that flows alonR the west coast ot South Amerlca, keeping thut section cool, while the east coast is hot and sultry. This cool water Is the I)reedlng place of myriads of small fish. The bh'ds eat the fish. live on the unhdmhlted Islands and produce guano, Men come nnd take the guano away and with It prodnce better crops on dlstant farms. The birds are mere- lya cog In u nmchlne for turning fish of the Humholdt current Into fond for the table and clothes for the back l Billiards in By-Gone Days The game of billiards has under. gone considerable transformathm since It was first Introduced. The game first became fnshlonnble when recommended to Louls XIV by hls doctors. In lhe early Eighteenth con. tury the table was square, with three pockets only on one side. in the mid. (lie was set up a small arch nf iron. and beyond tlds wus n mark, called the king, and the player had to drive the mark without upsetting either, By a stntule not very ancieut (Stat. 3(1 Gee. II.L billiards was declared to be an unlawful ame In England. and It was an offence, punlslmble by a fine ot ten pounds, to keep a tame In a pubilc house. The original game. which seems to have been a kind of croquet, was played on the ground, the players kneeling. Desire for Applause Human applause IS. by u wnrldl. man, reckoned not only annmg the luxuries of life. be[ among ,rtlcles ot the first necessity. An umlue desire to obtain It has certainly It h)unda. :ion In vanity, end It Is one of our grand errors to reckon vnnlty a trivial fault .... Relultathm being In it self so very desirable or good, those who actually possess It, and In some sense deserve to Issess It, are upt to make It their standurd, and fo resl In It as their supreme aim and end.- Hanna More ENSEMBLE OF FAILLE OR MOIRE; PRINTED SiLK FOR SPRING WEAR ILK as a modlum for the ensemble provldes a new theme of Interest to the world of fashion. The phluant silk prints which are so tremendously popular for ensemble costumes pre- sent only one l)hase of the subject. The latest silks to bring i new glory into the ensemble real))) are the sort whlch yleld handsomely to tailored treatments. Black and navy are outstandlng, al- though lighter tones will figure later on. The various types Include fine ribbed silks, moire, heavy crepe, faille- back satin and taffeta, too, If you please. Advance models of sllks such as Just quoted leave no doubt in the Jacket or coat wlth sldrt. Some of the dressier models top a "dressmaker" styled one-plece frock wttha matchLng coat. The wardrobe which does not in- clude one or several enselnhles of printed silk will be the exception and not the rule this season. So if you have neglected to invest in a stlk-prlnt ensemble, "do It now," for sooner .or later you will fall victim to the wiles of these capth, atlng modes. In the reahn of sports and Informal daytime costume there is simply no getting nway from prints. For Jackets and coats to be made of sprightly print Instead of the customary plain bring Spring Ensemble of Faille Silk. mind that we are standlng at the threshold of a new vogue of fascinat- ing promise. As to chic styling it Is the coats for these ensembles which carry major honors. Skirts are usually regnlation type, either circular cut or plaited In some attractive manner. Coats, how- ever, run the gamut from types of simplest tallleur treatments like the one illustrated to models which show a cunning of detail which Is simply thrilling. When demure Mary Philbln, whose cinema artistry has brought imr much fame, selected her spring ensen,ble, as posed in the picture, she decided on faille silk in a bright navy. Belng tailored with utmost simplicity the handsome fabric and the beahty of Its a note of fascinating Interest into the theme of the ensemble. The sprlng fashion parade wlll be, In consequence, largely a matter of gay print ensembles, the model in the picture being typical of the new trend. The print employe d for thls long coat and matchlng blouse belongs to the class of "picture" silks which are so highlighted by fashlon this season. This particular sllk Is called "covered wagon"--whleh caption tells the story of Its design. The long coat ensemble, as shown here, vies with short-Jacket versfons. Some of the smartest models of the short-Jacket type favor crepes with tiny repeat figures on dark back, grounds. The skirts, usually plaited, are topped twlth cunning Jackets of A Gay Print Silk Ensemble. tone coloring are made the paramount issue. As said before, however, the types scale from shnplest tallleurs to mnst intricately designed modes. Coats are in many Instances distinguished by soft lines and original neck treat- meats. Clever scurf ties, curious sec- tional seam workings, capes" pluits, tucks, quilting and bows, some, of them huge, glve sprightly detnil to silken costumes When one stops to think that these ensemble silk coats make perfectly charming separate wraps, the idea of acquirlng one of the new moire, taffeta or faille cos. tume takes u very practical turn. Not all silk ensembles consist ot a diversified styling, with solld-toneO crepe for the blouse. Polka dots used In reverse eolorln make stunning Jacket ensembles. , navy dot on a white "ground, for In- stance, Is combined with a white dot on a navy ground. The Interworklng. of the two presents Infinite opportun- Ity for erlglnal trealments. "Twin prints" also furnish Inspira- tion for clever fashhmlng. These prints are new on the tabrlc list. The same design is patterned oa a slleer weave and on a heuvy wears The two are worked together, the .latter fashioning the coat. JULIA BOTTOMLE. (, tgZg, Western NewsPel)ea ffalom).